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According to the official doctrine, it’s the hindquarters that, as the “motor” of the horse, determine its locomotion – but is this really true?  Or is it the forehand that plays the decisive role?  Which consequences would follow from such a predominance of the forehand for the training of the horse?  In this filmed theory lecture, the French riding master Philippe Karl analyses these fundamental questions, assisted by the biologist Dr. Tamina Pinent.

Author: Philippe Karl & Tamina Pinent

Author Notes: Philippe Karl, former “écuyer” with the famous Cadre Noir in Saumur, France, is known for his sharp analyses and outspoken criticism of modern dressage.
With the help of numerous photographs and drawings of his own, he highlights the crucial role of the forehand and explains why – in contrast to “Rollkur” and “hyperflection” – the raising of the neck combined with a time-limited, proper neck extension is classical and a precondition for preserving the health of the horse under the saddle.
Tamina Pinent first presents a scientific study she directed, which shows a clear connection between the raising of the horse’s neck and the lifting of the withers – both without and with rider. Afterwards, Philippe Karl explains the effects of this anatomical relationship in riding and the consequences for the training of the horse, using the examples of turning, jumping, passage and school walk.
Run time 51 Minutes

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